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    Level 1 of Fundations® reinforces the basic skills that were learned in Kindergarten and progresses further into the study of word structure. Teachers should combine Fundations with a wide variety of text experiences, and expose students to poetry, narrative and informational text.

     

    By the end of Level 1, students will be able to: 

    • Segment syllables into sounds (phonemes)–up to 5 sounds
    • Name sounds of primary consonants, consonant digraphs, and short and long vowels when given letters
    • Name and write corresponding letter(s) when given sounds for consonants, consonant digraphs, and short and long vowels
    • Print all uppercase and lowercase letters
    • Distinguish long and short vowel sounds
    • Name sounds for r-controlled vowels
    • Name sounds for vowel digraphs and vowel diphthongs
    • Use conventional spelling for words with common spelling patterns and for frequently occurring irregular words
    • Spell untaught words phonetically, drawing on phonemic awareness and spelling conventions
    • Read and spell the first 100 high frequency words, including irregular words (trick words)
    • Identify word structures such as blends, digraphs, basewords, suffixes, syllable types (closed and vowel-consonant-e syllables)
    • Read and spell CVC, CCVC, CVCC, CCVCC, CVCe words
    • Read and spell compound words and other words with two syllables by breaking them into syllables
    • Read and spell words with -s, -es, -ed, -ing suffixes when added to non-changing basewords
    • Apply correct punctuation (period, question mark, exclamation point)
    • Apply capitalization rules for beginning of sentences and names of people, places and dates
    • Explain major differences between fictional stories and informational text
    • Explain narrative story structure including characters, settings and main events
    • Retell key details of a fictional story and demonstrate understanding
    • Use illustrations and/or details in a story to describe its characters, settings, and events
    • Ask and answer questions about key details in a text
    • Ask and answer questions to help determine or clarify the meaning of words and phrases in a text
    • Identify specific words in a story that tell or suggest details
    • Identify who is telling the story at various points in a text
    • Identify the main topic and retell key details of informational text
    • Identify and explain new meanings for familiar words and newly taught words
    • Produce and expand complete simple and compound declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory sentences in response to prompts
    • Construct complete sentences using vocabulary words
    • Use sentence-level context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase
    • Identify frequently occurring root words (e.g., look) and their inflectional forms (e.g., looks, looked, looking)
    • Sort words into categories to gain a sense of the concept the category represents
    • Define words by category and by one or more key attributes
    • Apply beginning dictionary skills
    • Identify real-life connections between words and their use
    • Use verbs to convey a sense of past, present, and future
    • Read controlled stories with fluency, expression and understanding